The brain works like a learning tool. It is of immense curiosity to the scientists and researchers to explore more about the human brain and how it works. Learning is a complex process but the brain is physiologically designed to accompany the learning process in a variety of ways. The brain learns through the process of neuroplasticity. It helps the brain to learn in different circumstances and conditions. It also helps the students to learn a wide range of new information for so many years.
Neuroplasticity is more of a scientific phenomenon. The brain restructures itself with the help of neural elasticity and accommodates and adapt to the new information. Following is the detailed process of how a brain learns:
Structural composition of the brain
The smallest and basic structural component of the brain is the ‘neurons.’ There are up to trillions of cells that make up the brain; neural cells and glial cells. The glial cells provide support to the neurons by facilitating their growth and protecting them from harmful substances. Neurons are the store and carrier of information. The neurons kept on growing throughout life, which enables the brain to store more information than before, as the human brain grows with age. There are two components of neurons i.e. dendrites and axons.
“Dendrites have up to 10,000 divisions which receive the information from the sense organs. Axon transmits these messages to the effectors/receptive organs.”
Process of learning
The dendrites constantly grow into more branches. This allows the brain to reshape and restructure the learning process in different environments. The growth provides elasticity to the brain which helps in gaining new information and storing it. The neurons get the information from the outside environment in the form of a nerve impulse. The message is then transferred to the specific brain parts and the information is stored there. The process of transmitting the message is speeded up by neurotransmitters. These are the chemicals released at the point of synapses. Synapse is the space between two neurons as they do not touch each other.
“The normal speed of jumping impulses is 110 meters/second. But those who have strong learning patterns have a slightly higher speed i.e. 120 meters/speed.”
How to retain your learning
Brain stores all the incoming information for a few seconds. It is really important to exercise the following practices to make learning faster and better:
Make pathways for information
To learn new information, it is necessary to make chunks of it. It is scientifically proved that chunking can improve memory. This will make your brain works faster and adapt to new things easily. The chunks of information are stored in a sequence and connections are made between all the relevant information. A pathway is made for retaining the knowledge which has been learned.
The brain works faster when it has been given enough rest. The information stays a long time if you sleep just after it. If we the brain is exhausted, we will find it hard to remember the things more often. The research was conducted between two groups. Both groups were provided with illustrated cards to remember. After that, a 40-minute break was given to both groups. Out of which one group fell asleep and the other group stayed awake. The results we surprising. The ratio of successful learning between the sleeping group and awaken group was 85:60. The success rate was 25% more than the group that stayed awake. Sleep can push your memories to the permanent storage of the brain and thus, enhances learning.
Research shows that meditation can help in the learning process. Meditation can help to focus on certain knowledge and discard the other unwanted information. The experiments showed a great improvement in learning and recalling of information from 8 weeks to just 2 weeks. Mindfulness can help the brain to process new information rapidly.
Regular exercise can make the brain works faster. Research shows that regular exercise can improve cognitive skills. The cognitive patterns help in the learning and retaining of that information. Older adults who go for exercise regularly has relatively more active learning than those who do not. So, exercise can also be a means of the faster learning process.
“By following the tips above one can retain the learning process and ensure faster and better results.”